Haematological cancers arise from abnormal blood or bone marrow cells. Bone marrow is the spongy material that is inside a lot of our bones and is responsible for producing stem cells.Contact Us
What is Haematological Cancer
Haematological cancers arise from abnormal blood or bone marrow cells. Bone marrow is the spongy material that is inside a lot of our bones and is responsible for producing stem cells (cells at a very early stage of development). All of the blood cells in the body develop from stem cells. In bone marrow, they develop into 3 different forms of blood cells:
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- Red blood cells, which carry oxygen around the body
- White blood cells, responsible for fighting infection
- Platelets, which help blood to clot and control bleeding
Several of the most common symptoms of Haematological Cancers are:
- Weakness or fatigue
- Shortness of breath
- Bruise or bleed easily
- Frequent infections
- Enlarged lymph nodes,
- Painful or swollen abdomen
- Bone or joint pain
- Unexplained weight loss or poor appetite
- Night sweats
- Persistent mild fevers, and reduced urination
Some symptoms are more likely to occur with some haematological cancers than others. For instance, bone pain is more often found in myeloma, while enlarged lymph nodes are more often found with lymphoma.
If after blood tests your doctor notices any abnormalities which they suspect could pose a more serious question, they might recommend that you have a bone marrow exam. Bone marrow biopsy and bone marrow aspiration provide detailed information on bone marrow and blood cells condition.
How haematology cancers are diagnosed can be done in a variety of ways. Some of these tests could include:
- Blood tests
- Full body MRI
- PET Scan
- CT Scan
- CT TAP
Other test used are: a bone marrow aspirate and biopsy, where a sample of bone marrow from the hip is taken and a lymph node biopsy, which takes a sample of cells from an enlarged lymph node (typically used in the diagnosis of Hodgkin and non-Hodgkin Lymphoma).
Treatments available at Clatterbridge Private Clinic
Targeted Drug Therapies Immunotherapy
What is Immunotherapy? Immunotherapy use elements of the immune system to help treat the Cancer. Immunotherapy activates a person’s own immune system to identify and target their cancer. You may have immunotherapy on its own, or in combination with other cancer treatments, such as chemotherapy. There are different types of immunotherapy. These include monoclonal antibodies, checkpoint inhibitors, vaccines or tumour infecting viruses. Immunotherapy and our immune system Our immune system works to protect the body…Learn more