Vaginal Cancer

Cancer Care Vaginal Cancer

In the UK, vaginal cancers, cancers that begin

in the vagina, are rare. It is more common for

cancer to begin in the cervix or the womb.

Annually, around 300 women are diagnosed

with this form of cancer.

What is Vaginal Cancer?

Vaginal cancer occurs when normal cells change and develop in an abnormal way or form a malignant tumour. When cancer cells develop within the vagina itself, it is known as Primary Vaginal Cancer. If it spreads from another part of the body for example, from the neck (cervix) or lining of the womb, it is known as Secondary Vaginal Cancer.

There are two forms of vaginal cancer:

Squamous cell cancer, which is the most common form of vaginal cancer and arises mostly in the area of the vagina closest to the cervix. Squamous cell cancer is more common in women between 60-80 years of age and is often caused by the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV).

The other type of vaginal cancer is adenocarcinoma, which affects the glandular cells in the vagina and is more often found in younger women (30 years old or under).  Adenocarcinoma has been linked with exposure to diethylstilboestrol (DES) a drug given to women between 1945 and the early 1970s at risk of miscarriage.

Other rare forms of vaginal cancer include:

  • Small cell vaginal cancer
  • Sarcoma of the vagina
  • Melanoma of the vagina

 

The precise cause of vaginal cancer is not known but there are certain risk factors that can increase your chances of developing it:

  • Age: usually women over 60.
  • If you have never had children or been pregnant
  • Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)
  • Radiotherapy on the pelvis: radiotherapy in the pelvic area raises the risk slightly but it is still very rare.
  • DES: A hormone drug called diethylstilboestrol (DES) causes one type of adenocarcinoma of the vagina and is linked to multi-generational cancers.
Symptoms
Diagnosis

Treatments available at Clatterbridge Private Clinic

Breast Cancer Care at Clatterbridge Private Clinic

Radiotherapy

You may be given radiotherapy to reduce the risk of cancer coming back.

Radiotherapy uses high-energy x-rays to destroy cancer cells. Normal cells can also be damaged by radiotherapy, which may cause side effects. But careful planning and newer ways of giving radiotherapy have reduced the risk of damage to healthy tissue and nearby organs. Cancer cells cannot repair themselves after radiotherapy, but normal cells usually can.

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Breast Cancer Care at Clatterbridge Private Clinic

Chemotherapy

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Breast Cancer Care at Clatterbridge Private Clinic

Immunotherapy

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Breast Cancer Care at Clatterbridge Private Clinic

Surgery

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MORE INFO

Radiotherapy
Breast Cancer Care at Clatterbridge Private Clinic

Radiotherapy

You may be given radiotherapy to reduce the risk of cancer coming back.

Radiotherapy uses high-energy x-rays to destroy cancer cells. Normal cells can also be damaged by radiotherapy, which may cause side effects. But careful planning and newer ways of giving radiotherapy have reduced the risk of damage to healthy tissue and nearby organs. Cancer cells cannot repair themselves after radiotherapy, but normal cells usually can.

MORE INFO

Chemotherapy
Breast Cancer Care at Clatterbridge Private Clinic

Chemotherapy

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum.

MORE INFO

Immunotherapy
Breast Cancer Care at Clatterbridge Private Clinic

Immunotherapy

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum.

MORE INFO

Surgery
Breast Cancer Care at Clatterbridge Private Clinic

Surgery

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum.

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Vaginal Cancer Specialists

Dr Khizar Hayat
Dr Khizar Hayat
Consultant in Clinical Oncology
Dr John Green
Dr John Green
Consultant in Medical Oncology