These cancers are also called upper gastrointestinal or upper GI tumours and are usually managed by the same multidisciplinary team.
Treatment of stomach and oesophageal cancers usually consists of a combination of surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy. The treatment is tailored to the individual and may not involve all three treatment options. This is decided by factors such as the patient’s fitness, nutritional status and any other medical problems they may have.
If these cancers have spread to other parts of the body then chemotherapy is often used to keep the cancer under control and to improve any symptoms.
Pancreatic and hepatobiliary cancers are sometimes treated with major surgery, but in most cases will be controlled with chemotherapy. These cancers are difficult to treat and are the subject of ongoing trials looking at new drugs and the role of radiotherapy.