Early, slow growing kidney cancers can often be managed for months or years simply by monitoring their growth with regular scans. Larger and more problematic cancers are usually removed with surgery.
Kidney cancer that is advanced or metastatic can be treated with drugs to keep the disease under control. Chemotherapy is very rarely used. Instead targeted therapies block the crucial processes needed for the cancer cells to grow, and immunotherapies stimulate the body’s immune system to attack the cancer.
Many of these treatments are given in tablet form and taken over a prolonged time but do require regular monitoring.