Brain tumours arise in the central nervous system (CNS). In adults they have either spread from a primary cancer elsewhere in the body (secondary brain tumours or metastases) or have grown from the different types of brain cell (primary brain tumour).
After a brain scan, a biopsy is required to determine the cell type and grade of tumour. Depending on the type of cancer, a neurosurgeon may be able to remove some or all of the tumour.
Radiotherapy may also be required as part of the treatment plan. The Clatterbridge Private Clinic offers intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT), which provides excellent coverage and minimises the amount of radiation that reaches important adjacent structures.
Spinal tumours are treated in a similar way, with surgical removal if possible, followed by radiotherapy and sometimes chemotherapy.